- several large masses of grey matter embedded deep within the white matter of the cerebrum . They include the caudate and lenticular nuclei (together known as the corpus striatum) and the amygdaloid nucleus. The lenticular nucleus consists of the putamen and globus pallidus. The basal ganglia have complex neural connections with both the cerebral cortex and thalamus: they are involved with the regulation of voluntary movements at a subconscious level.
The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
basal ganglia — plural noun In vertebrates, ganglia connecting the cerebrum with other nerve centres • • • Main Entry: ↑base … Useful english dictionary
Basal ganglia — Infobox Brain Name = Basal ganglia Latin = nuclei basales GraySubject = GrayPage = Caption = Basal ganglia labeled at top right. Caption2 = IsPartOf = Components = Artery = Vein = BrainInfoType = hier BrainInfoNumber = 206 MeshName =… … Wikipedia
basal ganglia — Three large subcortical nuclei of the vertebrate brain: the putamen, the caudate nucleus and the globus pallidus. They participate in the control of movement along with the cerebellum, the corticospinal system and other descending motor systems.… … Dictionary of molecular biology
basal ganglia — several large masses of grey matter embedded deep within the white matter of the cerebrum. They include the caudate and lenticular nuclei (together known as the corpus striatum) and the amygdaloid nucleus. The lenticular nucleus consists of the… … Medical dictionary
basal ganglia — plural noun Anatomy a group of structures linked to the thalamus in the base of the brain and involved in coordination of movement … English new terms dictionary
Primate basal ganglia system — The primate basal ganglia system is a symmetrical major cerebral system that has only recently been recognized. In the past, part of it was presented as motor or extrapyramidal , complementary to the corticospinal (pyramidal) system. Contrary to… … Wikipedia
Prefrontal Cortex Basal Ganglia Working Memory — (PBWM) is an algorithm which models the working memory in the prefrontal cortex and the basal ganglia. It can be compared to Long short term memory (LSTM) in functionality but is more biologically explainable. It uses the Primary Value… … Wikipedia
Adult-onset basal ganglia disease — Classification and external resources OMIM 606159 Adult onset basal ganglia disease or neuroferritinopathy is a disorder caused by abnormal iron accumulation in the basal ganglia due to mutations in FTL gene. The gene codes for the light chain of … Wikipedia
Ганглии Базальные, Ядра Базальные (Basal Ganglia) — несколько крупных скоплений серого вещества, расположенного в толще белого вещества большого мозга (см. рис.). В их состав входят хвостатое (caudate) и чечевицеобразное ядра (lenticular nuclei) (они образуют полосатое тело (corpus striatum)), а… … Медицинские термины
Basal — is a term with several scientific meanings:*A basal clade is one which forms an outgroup to a larger clade. As such the term is relative. *Basal (medicine) refers to a type of insulin dosing. *The basal ganglia are a region of the brain. *The… … Wikipedia